How rich is Nelson Mandela?
Nelson Mandela Net Worth:
Nelson Mandela Net Worth:Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (/mænˈdɛlə/; Xhosa pronunciation: [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]; 18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was South Africa's first black chief executive, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalised racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997. Internationally, Mandela was Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999.A Xhosa born to the Thembu royal family, Mandela attended the Fort Hare University and the University of Witwatersrand, where he studied law. Living in Johannesburg, he became involved in anti-colonial politics, joining the ANC and becoming a founding member of its Youth League. After the Afrikaner minority government of the National Party established apartheid in 1948, he rose to prominence in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign, was appointed superintendent of the organisation's Transvaal chapter and presided over the 1955 Congress of the People. Working as a lawyer, he was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and, with the ANC leadership, was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961. Influenced by Marxism, he secretly joined the South African Communist Party (SACP) and sat on its Central Committee. Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) in 1961, leading a sabotage campaign against the apartheid government. In 1962, he was arrested, convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the state, and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial.Mandela served 27 years in prison, initially on Robben Island, and later in Pollsmoor Prison and Victor Verster Prison. An international campaign lobbied for his release, which was granted in 1990 amid escalating civil strife. Mandela joined negotiations with Nationalist President F. W. de Klerk to abolish apartheid and establish multiracial elections in 1994, in which he led the ANC to victory and became South Africa's first black president. He published his autobiography in 1995. During his tenure in the Government of National Unity he invited other political parties to join the cabinet, and promulgated a new constitution. He also created the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses. While continuing the former government's liberal economic policy, his administration also introduced measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty, and expand healthcare services. Internationally, he acted as mediator between Libya and the United Kingdom in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial, and oversaw military intervention in Lesotho. He declined to run for a second term, and was succeeded by his deputy, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela became an elder statesman, focusing on charitable work in combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the Nelson Mandela Foundation.Mandela was a controversial figure for much of his life. Denounced as a communist terrorist by critics, he nevertheless gained international acclaim for his activism, having received more than 250 honours, including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize, the US Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the Soviet Order of Lenin. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name, Madiba, or as Tata ("Father"); he is often described as the "Father of the Nation".
|Birth date:||July 18, 1918, Mvezo, South Africa|
|Death date:||December 5, 2013, Houghton Estate, Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Height:||6 ft (1.83 m)|
|Profession:||Lawyer, Politician, Social activist, Statesman, Peace activist, Philanthropist|
|Education:||University of South Africa, University of the Witwatersrand, University of Fort Hare, Healdtown Comprehensive School, University of London International Programmes, University of London|
|Spouse:||Graça Machel (m. 1998–2013)|
|Children:||Makaziwe Mandela-Amuah, Zenani Mandela|
|Parents:||Noqaphi Nosekeni, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa|
|Siblings:||Lieby Piliso, Nomabandla Mandela, Constance Mbekeni Mandela, Baliwe Mandela, Mabel Notancu Ntimakhwe, Nothusile Bhulehluth, Daligqili Mandela, Makhutswana Mandela, Mhlalwa Mandela|
|Awards:||Nobel Peace Prize, Bharat Ratna, Time's Person of the Year, Sakharov Prize, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Congressional Gold Medal, Gandhi Peace Prize, Arthur Ashe Courage Award, Ambassador of Conscience Award, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, Lenin Peace Prize, Ludovic Trarieux International Human Rights Prize, Gandhi–King Award, Philadelphia Liberty Medal, Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding, Princess of Asturias Award for International Cooperation, Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize, Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, International Simón Bolívar Prize, Al-Gaddafi International Prize for Human Rights, Nishan-e-Pakistan, Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal, Order of the Nile, U Thant Peace Award, Isitwalandwe Medal, Bruno Kreisky Prize for Services to Human Rights, Giuseppe Motta Medal, Bishop John T. Walker Distinguished Humanitarian Service Award, NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Literary Work - Children's, J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding, World Citizenship Award, Freedom of the City of Aberdeen, Bambi - Honorary Prize of the Jury, The BET Honors Champion of Humanity Award, Carter–Menil Human Rights Prize, W E B DuBois International Medal, Harvard Business School Statesman of the Year Award, Indira Gandhi Award for International Justice and Harmony|
|Nominations:||NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Literary Work - Biography / Auto-biography|
|TV shows:||Death of Apartheid|